Aktuelles aus Prishtinë (Pristina), Mitrovica, Prizren, Prizeren, Pejë, Pec - Historisches zu Kosova und UCK
Heraus zur Massendemonstration am 3. März in Prishtina
anglisht gjermanisht In ihrem Newsletter NR. 30 ruft die LPV zu einer neuerlichen Massendemonstration in Prishtina, am Samstag den 3. März ab 14 Uhr auf. Die Demonstration richtet sich gegen die sogenannten „Verhandlungen“ über Kosovas Zukunft. Die LPV geht davon aus, dass der Ahtissari Plan ein Diktat gegen das Selbstbestimmungsrecht Kosovas ist. Außerdem soll die Demonstration dazu dienen, den aktuellen internationalen Polizeiterror, der am 10 Februar das Leben von Arben Xheladini und Mon Balaj kostete, anzuprangern.

Im Newsletter wird jedem das Angebot gemacht, statt aus „Frustration Bomben explodieren zu lassen“, sich an friedlichen Massenaktivitäten gegen den Kolonialismus und Neokolonialismus zu beteiligen. Breiten Raum nimmt im Text die Verwendung von mordender Munition in Kosova, gegen friedliche Demonstranten, durch die internationale Polizei ein. Der Newsletter führt den Nachweis, dass die Munition die am 10. Februar in Prishtina zum Einsatz kam, in der Vergangenheit öfter in Nordirland, sowie in Israel/ Palästina verwendet wurde. Es wird belegt, wie häufig diese Attacken Menschenleben forderten. Dabei werden israelische Wissenschaftler und Friedensaktivisten zitiert, sowie bestimmte Beschlüsse der UN reflektiert.

Dokumentation Newsletter NR. 30 der LPV in englischer Sprache

3 March Lëvizja VETËVENDOSJE! will be organizing a nonviolent demonstration at 14:00 on Saturday 3rd March against the continuing negotiations over Kosova s future, and against those responsible for killing Arben Xheladini and Mon Balaj, in our last demonstration. We intend to walk the same route we took on 28th November. Condemnation of bomb under UN car We condemn the bomb placed under a UN vehicle yesterday and any action that threatens the lives of people. The right place to express frustration with the political process is in our nonviolent protest march on 3rd March. Resignations and investigations We welcome the resignation of the International Police Commissioner, Steven Curtis, which recognizes the injustice of the police reaction on 10th February, but the Police Commissioner was not acting alone. The institution responsible for deciding the level of force to be used must take responsibility for its actions. It is vital that the Commission established to investigate the events of 10th February be fully independent. Currently it is part of the Department of Justice, which is directly controlled by UNMIK. Campaign of lies and accusations In an attempt to discredit our movement in the aftermath of the police violence on 10th February, the authorities have tried to spread a number of lies about us: They are anarchists : Anarchists don t believe in institutions. We do. It s just that we want accountable institutions we ve chosen and voted for ourselves, and we want honest politicians working in them. They wanted to enter the government : No we didn t. Why would people with empty hands try to take a government building protected by force? What would we have done with it? They wanted to burn the cars : No we didn t. We had no petrol. We brought bottles of paint to throw at the cars, if they were accessible from the road. They refused to speak to the police : We agreed to meet with the KPS before 10th February, but not with UNMIK police. Because of this, both refused to talk to us. They are violent : No, we are not. We have never threatened or done anything to threaten anyone s life. Our demonstrations are directed against institutions. It is the police who were responsible for killing people in our protest. The truth: We want to have the right to selfdetermination. We want to have the chance to decide about our own future. We want to do this through massive nonviolent demonstrations. Exhibition On Tuesday, we displayed an exhibition of photographs and some film footage of the demonstration of 10th February, outside the National Theatre in the centre of Prishtina. This exhibition demonstrated that without the collective right of self-determination, it is not possible to exercise your individual human rights. In fact, demonstrating for this collective right, resulted in the abuse of the basic rights guaranteed to us through the ECHR to which Kosova is bound: the right to life, the right to liberty and security, the right to a fair trial, to freedom of assembly and association, nondiscrimination , freedom of speech, and the prohibition of torture and degrading treatment. This exhibition will be taken to all the towns of Kosova. Debates in Prishtina and Klina A number of our activists took part in a student debate with members of the negotiation team and the SRSG. Despite being denied the microphone to speak, one of our activists called all the attendees to hold a minute s silence for those who died in the protest. All the students rose to their feet in respect and shouted to the negotiation team to stand. Our activists tried to attend a public meeting of the negotiation team in Klina. They were arrested by the police whilst waiting outside, and were taken to the police station and beaten before being released without charge. The police told them they were arrested for being on the pavement and talking to each other . Bullets used to kill Rubber and plastic bullets have been killing the Northern Irish and the Palestinians for years. Between 1972 and 1989, 17 people in Northern Ireland were killed, including 9 children. Between 1988 and 1998, at least 57 Palestinians died from these bullets, including 28 children under the age of 17. Last week, UN Special Police Units, killed 2 young men, Arben Xheladini and Mon Balaj, and injured 82 people right here on the streets of Prishtina, with these same rubber and plastic bullets. Do they kill? Israeli army regulations for rubber and plastic bullets recognize that they may cause bodily injury and in certain circumstances also death." According to Dr Kirschner , a medical analyst for BT Selem, a human rights organization in Israel, The tissue damage caused by a rubber-coated steel ball perforating the skin is much greater than that caused by a normal bullet, which pierces the skin more easily because of its more aerodynamic shape and smaller diameter. . . Although they rarely penetrate deeply as their kinetic energy is dissipated in the superficial tissues, only a few cm of penetration is necessary to enter the brain . . . heart, lungs . . . spinal column. How are they regulated? Standard regulations for the use of rubber bullets require that they be fired from a minimum of 40 metres and only at the legs of protestors. Yet this is rarely the case. Out of 82 injured in the 10th February demonstration in Prishtina, 22 were noted as injured above the waist, whilst 47 had bodily injuries which were not specified. A study in the Lancet Medical Journal by doctors at the Rambam Medical Center at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa in Israel, involved 152 people who were admitted to hospitals in early October 2000 with a total of 201 wounds from rubber-coated bullets. Nearly 60 percent of the bullet wounds they had were above the waist . . . When were they developed? The rubber bullet was developed by the British for use in Northern Ireland at the height of civilian demonstrations , replacing the wooden baton round used in Hong Kong. There are two main types, rubber bullets and round steel bullets covered in a thin rubber shell. The British eventually replaced them with plastic bullets in 1975, which were thought to be more precise. However, according to a 1983 report in the medical journal, The Lancet, plastic bullets are even more deadly than the rubber bullets they replaced. They cause even more severe injuries to the skull, and brain. UN guidelines on the use of force. It is clear from the above evidence that both rubber and plastic bullets constitute an extreme use of force against civilian protest. Any weapon used against a civilian protest that has the potential to kill is extreme. The UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials and the UN Code of Conduct both make it clear that the use of force should be exceptional and proportional . If force has to be used, then it must be designed to minimize injury. Furthermore, the use of firearms by police against civilians should be a last resort, an extreme measure only to be used after all other options have failed. In a civilian demonstration , firearms should only be used in selfdefense or to defend others from imminent death or serious injury, (Articles 3, Code of Conduct; Articles 9, 13, 14 Basic Principles). Absolutely none of these conditions were fulfilled here in Prishtina on 10th February. In fact, the immediate use of violence by the police was designed to kill and maim. Rubber and plastic bullets are a polite way for states to kill or injure their people when they oppose them politically. They are the face of state terror and they indicate exactly how much respect our government s have for the meaning of freedom of assembly and freedom of expression . THIS WEEK: Demonstration 3rd March Condemnation of car bomb Resignations and investigations Campaign of lies and accusations Exhibition Debates in Prishtina and Klina Bullets that kill